BAC50 (Benzalkonium Chloride) 5Kg

BAC50 (Benzalkonium Chloride) 5Kg
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BAC50 (Benzalkonium Chloride)

5Kg

RAW

Benzalkonium chloride, also known as BZK, BKC, BAC, alkyldimethylbenzylammonium chloride and ADBAC, is a type of cationic surfactant. It is an organic salt classified as a quanternary ammonium compound. It has three main categories of use: as a biocide, a cationic surfactant, and as a phase transfer agent.
  • Solubility and physical properties

Benzalkonium chloride is readily soluble in ethanol & acetone. Although dissolution in water is slow, aqueous solutions are easier to handle and are preferred. Aqueous solutions should be neutral to slightly alkaline. Solutions foam when shaken. Concentrated solutions have a bitter taste and a faint almond-like odour.

  • Cationic surfactant

Benzalkonium chloride also possesses surfactant properties, dissolving the lipid phase of the tear film and increasing drug penetration, making it a useful excipient.

  • Laundry detergents and treatments
  • Softeners for textiles
  • Phase transfer agent

Benzalkonium chloride is a mainstay of phase-transfer catalysis, an important technology in the synthesis of organic compounds, including drugs.

Bioactive agents

Especially for their antimicrobial activity, benzalkonium chloride is an active ingredient in many consumer products:

  • Pharmaceutical products such as eye, ear and nasal drops or sprays as a preservative
  • Personal care products such as handsanitisers, wet wipes, shampoos, deodorants and cosmetics
  • Skin antiseptics, such as Bactine & Dettol
  • Throat lozenges and mouthwashes as a biocide
  • Over-the-counter single-application treatments for herpes, cold-sores, and fever blisters, such as RELEEV and Viroxyn
  • Burn and ulcer treatment
  • Spray disinfectants for hard surface sanitization
  • Cleaners for floor and hard surfaces as a disinfectant, such as Lysol
  • Algaecides for clearing of algae, moss, lichens from paths, roof tiles, swimming pools, masonry, etc.

Benzalkonium chloride is also used in many non-consumer processes and products, including as an active ingredient in surgical disinfection. A comprehensive list of uses includes industrial applications. An advantage of benzalkonium chloride, not shared by ethanol-based antiseptics or hydrogen peroxide antiseptic, is that it does not cause a burning sensation when applied to broken skin.

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